Emil Karl Gustav Alfred Mattiesen
23 January 1875
|Died||25 September 1939 (aged 64)|
|Organization||University of Rostock|
Emil Karl Gustav Alfred Mattiesen (23 January 1875 – 25 September 1939) was a German-Baltic musician, music pedagogue, composer and philosopher. He composed lieder, song cycles, ballads, chamber music and organ music, but is better known for standard works in German on parapsychology. He was a professor of church music at the University of Rostock from 1929.
Mattiesen was born in Dorpat. The son of Emil Karl Johann Mattiesen (1835–1888), an editor-in-chief and town councillor, and Emilie (née Strümpell; 1846–1917), daughter of the philosopher and pedagogue Ludwig Strümpell, he attended a private school, the Kollmann'sche Privat-Lehranstalt, in his hometown. He received musical instruction at age 16. He completed school with the Abitur in 1892 at the gymnasium in Mitau. He studied philosophy, natural sciences and music, first in Dorpat, then from 1893 at the University of Leipzig. He had to interrupt his studies due to illness in the fall of 1894, and continued in 1895, first again in Dorpat, and from October 1895 again in Leipzig, where he received a PhD in 1896, writing about the philosophical critique in the work of John Locke and George Berkeley.
Mattiesen travelled in Asia and America from 1898 to 1903, learning several Asian languages and the basics of Hinduism and other religions. From 1904 to 1908, he studied at the University of Cambridge and in London. He wrote his first major book, completed in 1914 but not published until 1925: Der jenseitige Mensch. Eine Einführung in die Metapsychologie der mystischen Erfahrung (Man of the Next World. An Introduction to the Metapsychology of the Mystical Experience). When he returned to Germany in 1908, he lived in Berlin, where he married and focused on music. He lived in Fürstenfeldbruck, Bavaria, for several years. He founded an association for the publication of his works in Munich in 1921.
In 1925, he moved to the village of Gehlsdorf, now part of Rostock. He was a lecturer on church music at the Theological Faculty of the University of Rostock from 1929. He was a composer of Lieder, especially ballads, and of chamber and organ music. His compositions were published by Henri Hinrichsen, on a recommendation by Hugo Wolf, including 17 Liederhefte (song collections). He composed lieder for the contralto Lula Mysz-Gmeiner, and accompanied her in performances. These lieder included "Selige Sehnsucht" (Blissful longing), "Die kleine Passion" (The little passion) and "Philomele". A review in the journal Die Musik from February 1914 reports a recital in which she premiered five songs and mentions the composer's talent for humourous topics, such as "Jedem das seine" after a poem by Eduard Mörike.
He also researched and published in the field of parapsychology. His two main books in the field, Der jenseitige Mensch (published in 1925) and Das persönliche Überleben des Todes: eine Darstellung der Erfahrungsbeweise (The Personal Survival of Death: An Account of the Empirical Evidence) in three volumes (1936–1939), became standard works in German. In his magnum opus Das persönliche Überleben des Todes, he advocated the survival hypothesis, listing several phenomena which seem to prove empirically that the soul lives on after death. The Nazis objected to the topic, which caused his work to be neglected at first.
- 1910 Balladen vom Tode
- 1910 Ballade von der Liebe
- 1920 Sieben Gesänge nach Gedichten von Ricarda Huch
- 1922 Stille Lieder
- 1930 Der Pilger. Ein Liederzyklus
- Glockengießer zu Breslau
- Pidder Lüng
- Lenore after Gottfried August Bürger
- 1897 Ueber philosophische Kritik bei Locke und Berkeley (Dissertation)
- 1926 Die Kunstkasse in Neukloster. Eine Geschichte und ein Aufruf in Mecklenburgische Monatshefte
- 1925 Der jenseitige Mensch. Eine Einführung in die Metapsychologie der mystischen Erfahrung. reprinted unchanged in 1987 by Walter de Gruyter-Verlag Berlin - New York
- 1936–39 Das persönliche Ueberleben des Todes. Eine Darstellung der Erfahrungsbeweise (3 vols.). Reprinted in 1961 with a preface by Gebhard Frei, reprinted in 1987 with a preface by Bauer, both Walter de Gruyter-Verlag Berlin – New York
- Grewolls, Grete (2011). Wer war wer in Mecklenburg und Vorpommern. Das Personenlexikon (in German). Rostock: Hinstorff Verlag. p. 6416. ISBN 978-3-356-01301-6.
- Werner F. Bonin: Lexikon der Parapsychologie und ihrer Grenzgebiete. Bern, München 1976, p. 328.
- Birth date given in his dissertation, Julian calendar: 11 January
- Bauer, Eberhard. "Emil Mattiesen – German Composer and "Metapsychologist"" (PDF). Institut für Grenzgebiete der Psychologie und Psychohygiene / Freiburg, Germany. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "Dr. Emil Mattiesen (1875–1939)". wegbegleiter.de (in German). Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Bucholtz, Erika (2001). Emil Mattiesen. Henri Hinrichsen und der Musikverlag C.F. Peters: deutsch-jüdisches Bürgertum in Leipzig von 1891 bis 1938 (in German). Mohr Siebeck. pp. 165–167. ISBN 978-3-16-147638-9.
- Maier, Raika Simone (2017). ""Lernen, Singen und Lehren" / Lula Mysz-Gmeiner (1876-1948), Mezzosopranistin und Gesangspädagogin". Stanford University. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- ""Selige Sehnsucht" – Musikalische Zusammenarbeit um die Jahrhundertwende zum 20. Jahrhundert / am Beispiel von Lula Mysz-Gmeiner und Emil Mattiesen" (in German). University of Hamburg. 3 November 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "Carl Robert Blum". Die Musik (in German): 178. February 1914. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- Emil Mattiesen in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Emil Mattiesen at Deutsche National Bibliotek
- Literature by and about Emil Mattiesen in the German National Library catalogue
- Literature about Emil Mattiesen in the State Bibliography (Landesbibliographie) of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern