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Portal:Geography

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Introduction

Physical map of Earth with political borders as of 2016

Geography (from Greek: γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be.

Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography. Human geography deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. Physical geography deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.

True-color image of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center image.
True-color image of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center image.

Selected general articles

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Selected images

Selected geographers

Topics

Main regions of Earth

Antarctica (orthographic projection).svg
Antarctica
Afro-Eurasia (orthographic projection).svg
Afro-Eurasia
Americas (orthographic projection).svg
Americas
Australia (orthographic projection).svg
Australia
Africa (orthographic projection).svg
Africa
Eurasia (orthographic projection).svg
Eurasia
North America (orthographic projection).svg
North America
Oceania (orthographic projection).svg
Oceania
Europe (orthographic projection).svg
Europe
Asia (orthographic projection).svg
Asia
South America (orthographic projection).svg
South America
Supercontinents:
Gondwana • Laurasia • Pangaea • Rodinia

General topics

Recognized content

Subportals

Places near you
Geography (Atlas)

Branches of Geography: Human geographyPhysical geography

Landforms (types)

IslandsMountainsRivers

Bodies of water

Aegean SeaBlack SeaColumbia RiverDnieper RiverPanama CanalSuez Canal

Africa

AlgeriaAngolaBeninBotswanaBurkina FasoBurundiCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadRepublic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoDjiboutiEgypt (Desouk) • EritreaEthiopiaGabonThe GambiaGhanaGuineaGuinea-BissauIvory CoastKenya (Geography, Mombasa, Nairobi) • LiberiaLibyaMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMauritiusMoroccoMozambiqueNamibiaNigerNigeria (Abuja, Port Harcourt, Lagos, Rivers State) • RwandaSão Tomé and PríncipeSenegalSierra LeoneSomaliaSomalilandSouth AfricaSouth SudanSudanTanzaniaTogoTunisiaUgandaWestern SaharaZambiaZimbabwe

AntarcticaArctic

Asia

AbkhaziaBhutanBangladesh (Bengal, Chittagong, Dhaka) • BruneiCambodiaCentral AsiaChina (Beijing, Great Wall of China, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macau, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tibet) • East TimorTaiwanHimalaya regionIndonesia (Aceh, Jakarta) • Japan (Osaka, Tokyo) • KazakhstanKorea (North Korea, South Korea, Seoul) • KyrgyzstanMalaysia (Malacca, Sabah) • MaldivesMongolia (Ulan Bator) • MyanmarNepalPhilippines (Bohol, Davao City, Negros Oriental) • PunjabSAARCSingaporeSri LankaTajikistanThailandTurkeyVietnam
India
States of India: Andhra Pradesh • Arunachal Pradesh • Assam • Bihar • Chhattisgarh • Goa • Gujarat • Haryana • Himachal Pradesh • Jharkhand • Karnataka • Kashmir • Kerala • Madhya Pradesh • Maharashtra • Manipur • Meghalaya • Mizoram • Nagaland • Odisha • Punjab • Rajasthan • Sikkim • Tamil Nadu • Telangana • Tripura • Uttar Pradesh • Uttarakhand • West Bengal
Cities in India: Ahmedabad • Bangalore • Chandigarh • Chennai • Delhi • Hisar • Hyderabad • Kochi • Kolkata • Kollam • Madurai • Mumbai • Patna • Thiruvananthapuram • Tiruchirappalli • Udaipur • Jodhpur
Pakistan
Balochistan • Gilgit-Baltistan • Islamabad • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Chitral) • Punjab (Lahore, Jhelum, Sialkot) • Sindh (Karachi)

Caucasus (a region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them)

Europe

European Union
AlpsAustria (Vienna, Tyrol) • BasqueBelgium (Brussels) • BulgariaPortal:Carpathian MountainsCarpathian RutheniaCatalan-speaking countriesChannel IslandsCorsicaCroatiaCzech Republic (Prague) • Denmark (Aarhus, Copenhagen, Skagen) • EstoniaFinlandFrance (Brittany, Paris, Lyon, Normandy, Rhône-Alpes) • GibraltarGreece (Macedonia) • Hungary (Budapest, Miskolc) • Ireland (Kilkenny) • Italy (Rome, Milan, Venice, Turin, Florence) • LatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsPolandPortugal (Azores, Lisbon) • Romania (Bucharest, Transylvania) • SilesiaSlovakiaSloveniaSpain (Portal:Canary Islands, Galicia) • Sweden
Germany
Baden-WürttembergBavariaBerlinBrandenburgBremenDresdenEast FrisiaEifelElbe-ElsterElbe Sandstone MountainsElbe-Weser TriangleFranconiaHamburgHarz MountainsHesseLower SaxonyLüneburg HeathLusatiaMecklenburg-VorpommernNorth Palatine UplandsNorth Rhine-WestphaliaOre MountainsPalatine ForestPomeraniaRhineland-PalatinateRhönSaarlandSaxonySaxony-AnhaltSchleswig-HolsteinSilesiaThuringiaWesterwald
United Kingdom
Commonwealth realms
England
HertfordshireLondonLutonPeak District
East Midlands
Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Stamford
North East England
Northumberland
North West England
Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Merseyside
South East England
Berkshire, Brighton, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey, Sussex, Isle of Wight
South West England
Bristol, Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset, Wiltshire
West Midlands
Birmingham
Yorkshire and the Humber
Bradford, Kingston upon Hull, Leeds, Yorkshire
Northern Ireland
Belfast
Scotland
DundeeEdinburghGlasgowScottish islands
Wales
CardiffMonmouthVale of Glamorgan
Albania (Tirana) • AndorraArmeniaAzerbaijanBelarusBosnia and HerzegovinaCrimeaFaroe IslandsGeorgiaIcelandIsle of ManKosovoRepublic of MacedoniaMoldovaMontenegroNorwayRussia (Bashkortostan, Chechnya, Moscow) • SerbiaSwitzerland (Geneva) • TurkeyUkraineVatican City

Latin America and Caribbean

(North America)
Mexico
Central America
BelizeCosta RicaEl SalvadorGuatemalaHondurasNicaraguaPanama
Caribbean
ArubaBahamasBermudaBritish Virgin IslandsCubaDominican RepublicGrenadaGuadeloupeHaitiJamaicaPuerto RicoTrinidad and Tobago (City of Port of SpainCity of San FernandoTobago)
South America
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Rosario) • BoliviaBrazilChile (Easter IslandPichilemu) • ColombiaEcuador (Galápagos Islands) • French GuianaGuyanaParaguayPeruSurinameUruguayVenezuela

Middle East

AfghanistanArab worldCyprusEgyptIran (Tabaristan, Iranian Azerbaijan, Nishapur) • IraqIsrael (Jerusalem) • JordanKazakhstanKurdistanLebanonLibyaMoroccoOmanPalestineSaudi ArabiaSyriaTajikistanTurkeyUnited Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Sharjah) • Uzbekistan

North America

Acadia
Canada (Geography of Canada)
Alberta (Calgary, Edmonton) • British Columbia (Vancouver) • ManitobaNew BrunswickNewfoundland and Labrador (St. John's) • Northwest TerritoriesNova ScotiaNunavutOntario (Eastern OntarioOttawaTorontoHamilton) • Prince Edward IslandQuebec (Gaspésie, Mauricie, Montérégie, Montreal, Quebec City, Estrie, Laurentides, Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean) • SaskatchewanYukon
Caribbean
ArubaBahamasBermudaBritish Virgin IslandsCubaDominican RepublicGrenadaHaitiJamaicaPuerto RicoTrinidad and Tobago (City of Port of SpainCity of San Fernando)
Central America
BelizeCosta RicaEl SalvadorGuatemalaHondurasNicaraguaPanama
Mexico
San Diego–Tijuana
United States
AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCalifornia (Inland Empire, Greater Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Diego County, San Diego–Tijuana, San Francisco Bay Area) • Cape Cod and the IslandsColoradoConnecticutDelawareDistrict of ColumbiaFlorida (Jacksonville, Miami, Pensacola) • Georgia (Atlanta) • HawaiiIdahoIllinois (Chicago) • Indiana (Indianapolis) • IowaKansasKentucky (Louisville) • Louisiana (New Orleans) • MaineMaryland (Baltimore) • Massachusetts (Boston) • Michigan (Metro Detroit) • Minnesota (Minneapolis, Rochester) • MississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevada (Las Vegas) • New EnglandNew HampshireNew JerseyNew Mexico
New York
Briarcliff Manor • Capital District • Finger Lakes • Hudson Valley • New Rochelle
New York City
Boroughs of NYC: Brooklyn (Coney Island) • The Bronx • Manhattan • Queens • Staten Island
Syracuse
North CarolinaNorth DakotaOhio (Cleveland) • OklahomaOregonPennsylvania (Erie, Lancaster, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh) • Puerto RicoRhode Island (Newport) • South CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexas (Austin, Dallas, Houston) • UtahVermontVirginiaWashington (Seattle) • West VirginiaWisconsinWyomingYellowstone National Park

Oceania

Australia
Australian Capital TerritoryNew South Wales (City of Bankstown) • Northern TerritoryQueensland (Brisbane) • South AustraliaTasmaniaVictoria (Melbourne) • Western Australia (Perth)
KiribatiMicronesiaNew ZealandPapua New GuineaTuvalu


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